Tibetan Buddhism among minority groups

Tibetan Buddhism is the esoteric or Tantric form of Buddhism which became prominent in India in the seventh century and spread quickly to Tibet. Other than the Tibetans, followers of Tibetan Buddhism are still found among such ethnic groups as the Mongols, the Tu of Qinghai, the Yugurs of Gansu, and the Moinba of Tibet. Many Chinese know this religion as ‘lamaism’ (lamajiao). The Cultural Revolution attempted to destroy the immense power of Buddhism, including the many monasteries. However, the religion has revived since the early 1980s, and the great majority of Tibetans are still dedicated followers of Tibetan Buddhism, though it is much weaker among the Mongolians. Quite a few Tibetan boys have again entered the monastic life, though not nearly as many as before 1950.
An official count in 2000 gave a figure of 46,000 monks and lamas in the Tibet Autonomous Region. CCP authorities control all religious activities, but watch those associated with Tibetan Buddhism in Tibet with special care because of its association with Tibetan separatism, and suppress all signs of subversion. Some of Tibet’s major political controversies since 1990 have involved the religion. In selecting the Eleventh Panchen Lama in 1995, the Chinese authorities conflicted with the Dalai Lama’s choice. And in 1999, the highly influential Karmapa Lama fled to India and was given refugee status in 2001, to China’s embarrassment.
Goldstein, M.C. and Kapstein, M.T. (eds) (1998). Buddhism in Contemporary Tibet, Religious Revival and Cultural Identity, Berkeley: University of California Press.
COLIN MACKERRAS

Encyclopedia of contemporary Chinese culture. . 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Buddhism in the United States of America — Buddhism is a religion with millions of followers in the United States, including traditionally Buddhist Asian Americans as well as non Asians, many of whom are converts [ [http://www.beliefnet.com/story/7/story 732 1.html Beliefnet.com American… …   Wikipedia

  • Tibetan people — བོད་པ། 藏族 Top: Milarepa • Thubten Gyatso • Buton Rinchen Drub • Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme • Gendun Drup Bottom …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhism in the Netherlands — Buddhism is a small minority religion in The Netherlands, but it has shown rapid growth in recent years. As of the 2004 estimate, 169,000 Dutch people identified their religion as Buddhist (about 1.0% of the total population).Early historyThe… …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhism — Buddhist, n., adj. Buddhistic, Buddhistical, adj. Buddhistically, adv. /booh diz euhm, bood iz /, n. a religion, originated in India by Buddha (Gautama) and later spreading to China, Burma, Japan, Tibet, and parts of southeast Asia, holding that… …   Universalium

  • Buddhism in Nepal — Part of a series on Buddhism Outline · Portal History Timeline · Councils …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhism and Christianity — The French artist Paul Ranson s Christ et Buddha (1880) juxtaposes the two figures There is speculation concerning a possible connection between both the Buddha BC 623 BC 543 and the Christ, and between Buddhism and Christianity. Buddhism… …   Wikipedia

  • Buddhism in Burma — Theravāda     …   Wikipedia

  • Tibetan language — Infobox Language name=Tibetan nativename=བོད་སྐད་ bod skad familycolor=Sino Tibetan states=China, India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan region=Tibet, Kashmir, Baltistan speakers=6,150,000Fact|date=September 2008 fam1=Sino Tibetan fam2=Tibeto Burman fam3 …   Wikipedia

  • Tibetan Muslims — The Tibetan Muslims, also known as the Kachee (Kache), form a small minority in Tibet. Despite being Muslim, they are classified as Tibetans, unlike the Hui Muslims, who are also known as the Kyangsha or Gya Kachee (Chinese Muslims). The Tibetan… …   Wikipedia

  • Christianity among national minorities — In general, all minority nationalities in northern China are Muslims, with the exception of the Mongols, who adhere to Lamaism, a form of Buddhism. Even though minority nationalities committed to Islam or Buddhism have traditionally been… …   Encyclopedia of Contemporary Chinese Culture

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.